L'Alpe

L’Alpe 54 : Resistance, To the Alps, citizens!

Translations : Cary Bartsch

Written for people looking for information with meaning, L’Alpe is the first review devoted to the many cultures and heritages of Alpine Europe. Its ambition is to provide information, language barriers not withstanding. As your guide, L’Alpe looks at the people who, from the meandering Danube to the Rhône, have adapted to an exceptional climate. A cross between a book and a magazine, it draws on the first to provide background documents on a main theme, supported by rigorous analysis, an insistence on quality and the notoriety of renown authors. From the second, it adopts a quarterly rhythm for regular contributions to current debates, rich illustrations, the insatiable curiosity of its journalists and a necessarily didactic approach. Though rigorous in its approach to knowledge, L’Alpe is not a scientific journal. It calls on the contributions of history, geography, archaeology, ethnology, etc. to shed light on the meaning of the traces left by man on the mountain environment. And it is also open to current debates on the future of the Alps and other mountains in the world.

Resistance in the blood ?

In the collective memory, the Alps are definitely perceived as zones of liberty and the reputation of freedom-loving Alpine inhabitants contributes significantly to the myth. Comprising the Allobroges and Resistance fighters, including Protestants and the initiators of the French Revolution, the Dauphiné region is an excellent example. However, if History is a guide, that view must be tempered.

Invincible Gauls from the Alps

Colonising the Alps was not a walk in the park for the Romans. Using guerrilla tactics and in skirmishes, the mountain folk revolted and badgered the legions, to the point of occasionally defeating them. Yet revolts such as those of the Veragri in Switzerland and the Salassi in Italy were sparingly documented by contemporary historians because in written history, only the powerful leave a trace.

Different rights in different places

Were mountain peoples natural rebels during the Middle Ages ? Or rather highly independent groups resistant to outside powers, as is shown by the many revolts and acts of insubordination. Though quick to fight, they were also endowed with a strong community spirit and excellent negotiating skills that enabled them to win certain rights and liberties. Though with many differences from one end of the Alpine arc to the other.

Revolt in the Alpine pastures

Peasants in the Alps rebelled against the demands of monks, the criminality of the administration and heavy taxes raised by priests. It is always necessary, however, to read between the lines of History.

The narrow escape of a Jewish shepherd

A writer resisted in his own way by withdrawing in 1941 to the solitary confines of an Alpine pasture in the Hautes-Alpes department. There, under very precarious conditions, he produced a work extolling peace and humanity that was published after the war. A powerful book that merits a new look.

Highlands

Elian-Jean Finbert intermingles philosophy and the story of his life in the high pastures, hidden from the Nazis, in this book written during the Occupation. His thoughts weave in and out with his pastoral work, each feeding the other and coming together in a harmonious fullness. An excerpt.

A free photographer

Marc Riboud is drawn to both the resistance efforts of people around the world and the beauty of mountain landscapes. His road leads from a young girl with a flower (a rose!) to the foggy summits of Huang Shan, a path of resistance against stereotypes and clichés.

The old leader and education for the people

Paradoxically, a school for upper-echelon civil-service officials set up in the Alps by the Vichy government assisted Resistance fighters, notably in the Vercors, and became the cradle for the People and Culture network. What remains today of that social initiative ?

The Swiss Alps continue to resist… Europe

Three mountain men in the fight against tyranny. The heroic, medieval story of William Tell united a diverse country and created the legend of the rebellious Alps. Yet Switzerland is not exclusively mountainous and the temptation to withdraw in isolation threatens the claim to independence. An (im)pertinent look at the paradoxes of a national myth that cuts both ways.

Down with Frenglish

Should one take to the hills to save linguistic diversity ? That could be one interpretation of this call to arms by a lover of the language who takes on both language fads and academic rigidities. Refreshing.

They are indignant with Stéphane Hessel

It is on the Glières plateau, where the Resistance fighters waged a major battle during the Second World War, that the now famous text Indignez-vous ! was written. Over three million copies have since been sold in Europe. Some activists discuss.

Resistance blossoming beneath the snow ?

Is a counter-culture to the apolitical nature of tourism and the marketing of the Alps in the process of emerging on the high slopes, beneath the ski lifts ? That is what a few premonitory signs would seem to indicate in the form of the strikes by seasonal workers and acceptance of ecological ideas, to say nothing of pluriactivity workers attempting to redefine their lives.

Where did they go ?

The image of Hannibal and his elephants in the Alps fired imaginations and gave birth to a veritable myth. Under what conditions did he cross the Alps over steep terrain occupied by hostile populations ? How were the Carthaginian general and his epic voyage perceived and presented ? Those are all questions dealt with by the new exhibition at the Musée Dauphinois in Grenoble.

A (fake) inn for the white horse

In Austria, Lake Wolfgang is as romantic as anyone could wish. Made famous by an operetta, the idyllic site, very reminiscent of Mozart, draws large crowds that threaten the local identity and culture. The inhabitants have succeeded in maintaining a certain balance between their traditions and the tourism offering… at least until now.

 

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