L'Alpe

L’Alpe 30 : olympic vestiges

Translations : Cary Bartsch

Written for people looking for information with meaning, L’Alpe is the first review devoted to the many cultures and heritages of Alpine Europe. Its ambition is to provide information, language barriers not withstanding. As your guide, L’Alpe looks at the people who, from the meandering Danube to the Rhône, have adapted to an exceptional climate. A cross between a book and a magazine, it draws on the first to provide background documents on a main theme, supported by rigorous analysis, an insistence on quality and the notoriety of renown authors. From the second, it adopts a quarterly rhythm for regular contributions to current debates, rich illustrations, the insatiable curiosity of its journalists and a necessarily didactic approach. Though rigorous in its approach to knowledge, L’Alpe is not a scientific journal. It calls on the contributions of history, geography, archaeology, ethnology, etc. to shed light on the meaning of the traces left by man on the mountain environment. And it is also open to current debates on the future of the Alps and other mountains in the world.

A contest without hate
According to Pierre de Coubertin in 1913, the five Olympic rings were destined to become an «  international symbol  » . A «  light, colourful and spiritually lifting  » flag that did not stop the terrible battles of WWI that began the following year, but could come to symbolise the hope of a unified and peaceful world.

Sweep away the past !
From the stadium in Olympia to the first Winter Olympiads in Chamonix, in 1924, the road was long and studded with the greatest of ideals, but also great problems and terrific battles. The true history of the Olympic Games.

Olympic values – evolution over time
Equality and fraternity, two republican values that also apply to the Olympic ideal. The new beginning of the Olympiads, proposed as early as 1797 by humanist teachers, was based on democratic, educative and cultural values from the Age of Enlightenment that provided the games with a dimension running well beyond the simple sports competition.

Games in the Alps
A map never before published of all the past and candidate sites for the winter Olympics and Special Olympics in the Alps. With a second map of the past and candidate sites for the winter Olympic games throughout the world that contains some surprises.

Portfolio – Shall we danse ?
The opening ceremony of the Games in Albertville is still widely remembered due to the boundless creativity of Philippe Decouflé and Philippe Guillotel, two young artists virtually unknown at the time and who happily blew to smithereens the tiresome clichés generally associated with the event.

Planks and medals
Ski equipment and techniques have undergone rapid change in a little over a century. Skiing, previously a simple means of transport over snow, has become a recreational activity combining pleasure, performance and fun. A major shift that is largely due to the competitors of the Olympic games.

Ice and snow
Skating, bobsleigh, luge, hockey and curling are the Olympic ice sports. Similar to skiing, the development of these disciplines depends not only on the equipment and techniques, but also on the quality of the frozen surface on which the competitors slide.

Not all slopes are mountains
This apparent paradox is confirmed here. Formerly a physical difficulty for mountain inhabitants, slopes are increasingly today a simple spot for the recreational activities of urban dwellers, for which the Olympic games are a paroxysmal example. A complete inversion in values that turns mountains back into a feature of the landscape.

Construction of the games
The Olympic infrastructure in the resorts hosting the winter games has followed the major developments in architectural thought. From the palaces in Chamonix to the restructuring of Sestrières and the outright creation of Squaw Valley, a brief history of a century of construction in the mountains.

Behind the scenes
An equation with many unknown factors, the management of a winter resort has become most difficult for operators. Highly dependent on social change, the many aspects of a resort must be combined and balanced to reconcile the demands of tourists and daily life.

Brawn and pen
Few writers have expressed fascination with sports, performance and athletes. Here an anthology of texts that, centuries after the Olympic odes of Pindar, celebrate or question the value of sports and the Olympics.

Poster art
Lovingly restored, reinforced and framed, the thousands of posters collected by Michel Couasnon speak volumes on the relations between art and the Olympics. A treasure trove well worth a museum ! A presentation by the collector himself.

Sport and culture
In Albertville, the Maison des Jeux olympiques d’hiver proposes a museo-graphic presentation that attempts to clarify the complex relations between winter sports, mountain territories and the Olympics. Included are historical aspects, events in 1992 and temporary exhibits well worth the trip.

Turin and the games
In February 2006, the winter Olympics will be organised by Turin. In Europe, it is rare to see such a large city (over a million inhabitants) located so far from the Alps organise the winter games. It must be said that the Piedmont has always had very complex relations with its mountains.

Mind and body
Banned from the games for decades, handicapped persons are confronted with precisely the same motivations as athletes. The paradox is that the celebration of the ideal body long contradicted the Olympic ideal of equality. By integrating handicapped athletes, the Olympic movement finally accepted differences, but not necessarily the notion of «  otherness  ».

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